After identifying the central problem that you wish to address in your policy advocacy activities, there are many different advocay strategies that you may adopt to tackle the problem. To inform your decision, this section outlines some of the policy advocacy strategies that are commonly adopted. This can include direct intervention with policymakers, through approaches such as establishing letter writing campaigns, organizing events, direct lobbying, hosting education and capacity building workshops, and engaging in relationship-building activities. Additionally, it may include working with other civil society members to form networks and coalitions to influence policymakers. This section will also cover research and publishing as a policy advocacy strategy. However, note that this list is not exhaustive, and further resources should be consulted.
When identifying your advocacy strategy, your decision should be made in accordance to the context and policy landscape of your country. For example, in countries where the refugee law and practice are not so clear, a lot of the initial advocacy efforts are spent establishing a baseline and navigating the practice before any ‘direct’ advocacy can take place. In addition, non-democratic governments are less likely to be influenced by civil society organizations. In this context, your advocacy efforts may require you to engage in relationship-building activities with the government before you can begin your ‘direct’ advocacy work. In addition, a lot of ongoing advocacy activities may be to sustain your organization’s relationship with the government. Therefore, which advocacy strategies are most effective largely depends on the context that you work in.