Results-Based Management is a broad management strategy aimed at helping you manage your program and team with your commonly-understood goals in mind. This usually requires a cycle of planning, implementing, monitoring and evaluating, and learning with no starting point and no ending point.
Why is results-based management helpful?
If you don’t know where you are headed, how will you know you’ve arrived? How will you know you are off the path? Results-based management practices help you avoid being lost by promoting focus on and clarity of organizational priorities.
How do you implement results-based management?
During the planning stage, organizations determine the objectives for their programs and identify the impact they want their program beneficiaries to experience. During the implementation stage, organizations carry out programs and services that align with the strategic plan and help the organization to accomplish its objectives and mission. In the midst of the execution stage, organizations have to monitor progress toward objectives and goals, compliance with donor agreements, and adherence to the needs of beneficiaries all within budget constraints. At some agreed upon point, programs need to be evaluated for impact. Lessons learned through monitoring and evaluations are integrated into the next planning stage in order to build stronger and better programs.
This section of the toolkit will specifically discuss planning and monitoring and evaluation primarily from a holistic perspective. For information on program implementation, visit the advocate section.
While this information is helpful for framing your thinking, organizational leaders need to understand how this theory applies to each of their programs individually as well.